## Final Exam Prep Topics (not all listed)

**Final Exam Prep designed for 1100 Topics Covered**

We will be covering as much as we can in the 4 hour time period including the following:

-converting between different units,

-proper use of significant figures in your calculations, determining number of protons and neutrons in an atom,

-determining the average mass of an element, converting between moles and number of atoms and vise versa,

-converting between mass and number of moles and vice versa,

-naming ionic compounds and molecular compounds, naming simple organic compounds,

-converting molar mass to number of molecules and vice versa, balancing chemical equations,

-solving stoichiometry problems involving solids liquids and gases,

-using the ideal gas law in stoichiometry problems, determining the density of a gas,

-calculating the work of a chemical or physical change, calculating the change in the internal energy and the change in enthalpy or the heat of chemical and physical processes under either constant pressure or constant temperature conditions,

-calculating standard enthalpies of reaction from enthalpy of formation data,

-calculating heats of reaction by applying Hess's law, calculating the wavelength or frequency or energy of light,

-calculating the de Broglie wavelength of matter, calculating the uncertainty in position of matter, determining valid electronic states from a set of quantum numbers,

-determining the electron configuration of atoms and ions, determining the order of various properties of species according to periodic trends,

-correctly draw best Lewis structures,

-calculating lattice energies using the Born-Haber cycle,

-ranking lattice energies in terms of energy, estimating changes in enthalpy using tabulated bond energies, ranking elements in terms of electronegativity,

-ranking bond lengths, and ranking bond polarity.

**Final Exam Prep designed for 1110 Topics Covered**

We will be covering as much as we can in the 4 hour time period including the following:

-ranking species according to strength of intermolecular forces, ranking species using intermolecular forces in terms of basic macroscopic properties,

-calculating enthalpy changes during a series of phase changes, calculating a new temperature or a new pressure or enthalpy of vaporization using Clausius equation, analyzing phase diagrams,

-calculating edge lengths/radius/density/ of cubic crystal structures, ranking acid and base strengths of binary and oxyacids,

-calculating pH/pOH/H3O+ concentrations/OH- concentrations/ka/kb/pka/pkb of weak acids and bases,

-calculating pH/pOH of strong acids and bases, calculating pH/OH of mixtures of acids and bases, calculating pH/OH of polyprotic acids,

-understanding Lewis acids and bases,

-calculating pH/pOH of salts,

-calculating pH/pOH of buffer solutions,

-reading titration curves of strong acid/strong base titrations and weak acid/strong base titrations and weak base/strong acid titrations to determine pKa/pKb/major species present at certain locations along titration curve,

-calculating volumes of end-points, calculating pH at various locations of the titration curve,

-calculating ksp values, calculating concentrations at equilibrium given ksp values,

-calculating concentrations of species at equilibrium in presence of a common ion,

-understand when pH affects solubility, calculating end when a species will precipitate from solution, calculate complex ion equilibria problems